Post-Car World is an integrative project, which organizes along the research lines and distributes work force independently from the institutional structures, which include six institutional units (laboratories): Chôros (EPFL), IRE (USI), IVT (ETHZ), CEAT (EPFL), LAB-u (EPFL), and Transp-Or (EPFL).
Sub-project A: Demand. Expectations for a Post-Car World. Moving or being moved?
Leaders: Jérôme Chenal ( CEAT, EPFL), Vincent Kaufmann (LaSur, EPFL), Jacques Lévy (Chôros, EPFL), Rico Maggi (IRE, USI). Collaborators: Antonio Borriello ( PhD student, IRE, USI), Alexandre Rigal (PhD student, CEAT, EPFL), Jade Rudler (PhD student, Chôros, EPFL).
Sub-project B: Mobility. Modelling a Post-Car World
Leaders: Kay Axhausen (IVT, ETHZ), Michel Bierlaire (Transp-OR, EPFL). Collaborators: Milos Balac
(PhD student, IVT, ETHZ), Riccardo Scarinci (postdoc, TRANSP-OR, EPFL)
Sub-project C: Urbanity. Configuring a Post-Car World
Leaders: Elena Cogato Lanza (LAB-u, EPFL), Monique Ruzicka-Rossier (Chôros, EPFL). Collaborators: Matthew Skjonsberg ( PhD student, LAB-u, EPFL), Farzaneh Bahrami ( PhD student, LAB-u, EPFL).
Overall project: Integrating a PostCarWorld
Leader: Jacques Lévy (Chôros, EPFL). Collaborators: Barbara Laurent-Lucchetti (postdoc, Chôros, EPFL), Patrick Poncet (Chôros, EPFL), Monique Ruzicka-Rossier (Chôros, EPFL), André Ourédnik (postdoc, Chôros, EPFL).
Communication: Mirza Tursić (Chôros, EPFL)More on team members >
Kay Axhausen, full professor, ETHZ
Dr. K.W. Axhausen is Professor of Transport Planning at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology). He holds his post in the Institute for Transport Planning and Systems of the Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering. Before his appointment at ETH he worked at the Leopold-Franzens Universität, Innsbruck, Imperial College London and the University of Oxford. He holds a PhD in Civil Engineering from the Universität Karlsruhe (now KIT) and an MSc from the University of Wisconsin – Madison.
He has been involved in the measurement and modelling of travel behaviour for the last 30 years contributing especially to the literature on stated preferences, micro-simulation of travel behaviour, valuation of travel time and its components, parking behaviour, activity scheduling and travel diary data collection. One strand of his current work focuses on the micro-simulation of daily travel behaviour and long-term mobility choices and the response of the land-use system to those choices (See www.matsim.org for details). This work is supported by analyses of human activity spaces and their dependence on the traveller’s personal social network. The second strand of his work is dedicated to the evaluation of transport projects. The current work on land use transport modelling is motivated by the shortcomings of standard cost-benefit analysis (See www.sustaincity.eu ). He led the effort for the new Swiss cost-benefits guideline (SN 640 820ff) and he and his team contributed the valuation of travel time savings and of reliability. Current and earlier work focussed on long-term scenario development. In the context of the official long-term perspectives of the Swiss Federal government the group developed forecast of the travel behaviour of the 20 years time horizon. Work, which is currently updated in a project focussing on electric mobility. He was the chair of the International Association of Travel Behaviour Research (IATBR) and is an editor of Transportation and earlier of DISp, both ISI indexed journals.
Milos Balac, Phd Student, ETHZ
Farzaneh Bahrami, PhD student, EPFL
Michel Bierlaire, full professor, EPFL
Michel Bierlaire and the Transport and Mobility Laboratory are active in modeling, optimization and simulation of transportation systems, with a specific emphasis on the mobility of individuals. Researchers from the laboratory have been recently active in the following relevant research areas:
– design of new transportation systems
– planning of complex operations
– land use and transportation
Antonio Borriello, Phd student, USI
Elena Cogato Lanza, Senior Scientist, EPFL
She has developed her academic work in three main research areas.
1. Cartographical experiments about the relations among city scales, according both to contemporary urban practices and design practices.
2. In the field of urban theory, about the relation among urban and territorial scale and the concept of “part” of the city.
3. About neighbourhood social practices, between urbanity and community.
Vincent Kaufmann, associate professor, EPFL
Vincent Kaufmann is Associate Professor of urban sociology and mobility at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL). After a master degree in sociology (Universtiy of Geneva) he did his Ph.D. at EPFL on rationalities underlying transport modal practices. He has been invited lecturer at Lancaster University (2000) and École Des Ponts et Chaussées (2001). For the past ten years, He has explored in great depth the mobility turn and its urban and societal implications:
1. Conceptualization of mobility with the development and operationalization of the concept of motility.
2. Measuring different forms of mobilities. The qualification and quantification of different forms of mobilities, modal practices and their evolution. Particular emphasis was put on emerging forms like the long-distance commuting and bi-residentially, as well as on the utilization of commute time.
3. The political and urban implications of mobilities: the ways in which different forms of mobility produce the fabric of the city and the region and how public policies act upon these mobilities.
Barbara Laurent-Lucchetti, postdoc, EPFL
Barbara Laurent-Lucchetti est docteur en études urbaines (Université du Québec à Montréal). Sa thèse porte sur la cité-jardin au Québec. Elle occupe le poste de responsable éditoriale de la Revue EspacesTemps.net depuis février 2011 et a travaillé comme coordinatrice pour le montage du projet PostCarWorld.
Jacques Lévy, full professor, EPFL
Jacques Lévy has devoted a significant part of his work to mobility. On this field, he co-published a book (Les sens du mouvement, 2005, with François Ascher and Sylvain Allemand) along with numerous articles (see Publication Record) and numerous lectures. All his research projects, especially those developed since 2005 with the SNF, include a strong mobility component.
For him, places and links between places are complementary, interactive elements of the overall practice of inhabiting. The ‘mobile society’ in which we currently live is characterised both by an intermingling of places, which are more and more defined by the internal and external mobility of their inhabitants, and links, which tend to acquire a status of ‘moving places’.
His works on public space lead him to develop a fresh approach to mobility, by classifying public/private mobility in respect to their relation to public space: generating/demanding or deleting/rejecting. By distinguishing the two couples public/private, individual/collective, he has open the way to a new definition of public mobility as including diverse, actual and potential, techniques of public authority-managed individual transport into the public mobility system. Moreover, he had recently proposed to consider mobility as a public good, an orientation that generates some important consequences on the articulation of mobility with other public goods, namely urbanity or the natural environments.
In the scope of Chôros laboratory in EPFL, he is currently carrying out with his colleagues various projects about walking, namely the issue of the inclusion of walking into mobility policies (see Dominique von der Mühll’s involvement in various research action in relation with the Swiss and European transport agencies namely Cost 358 Pedestrian Quality and the April 2011 conference “Renouveau de la marche en Suisse et en Europe”), and mapping walking and public spaces, with Dr. Elsa Chavinier and Carole Lanoix, within the SNF- funded project Cosmographies).
Rico Maggi, full professor, USI
Rico Maggi has done extensive research in the field of transport economics. His most important works over the years concerning transport policy and substitution potentials. Maggi’s research used and also currently relates extensively to applications in stated preference analysis and choice in transport and urban issues. Currently, Maggi is working with Stefano Scagnolari, a PhD student, on attitudes and young peoples’ driving behavior, and leisure activity choices on Saturday night, a topic of special relevance for the proposed projects. Papers about to be submitted to refereed journals have been presented at the Swiss Transport Research Conference and (STRC) and ate the World Congress of the International Association of Travel behavior Research (IATBR) 2012 in Toronto. Of special relevance for the proposed research is Maggi’s recent experience in interdisciplinary projects for SNF in the field of urban economics, combine with urbanism. At irst and concluded project concerned urban segregation issues and applied choice modeling with simulation. The papers composing the respective thesis of Tatjana Ibraimovic are about to be published in leading journals in the field. Currently he is leading a SNF Core project together with Jeanne Mengis on urban relationality, again applying SP techniques to urban mobility and activity issues. He also worked on other urban issues which are relating to attitudes and behavior in an urban contexts.
André Ourédnik, Postdoc, EPFL
Alexandre Rigal, Phd student, EPFL
Jade Rudler, PhD student, EPFL
Monique Ruzicka-Rossier, architect, EPFL
Planning and design participation; scenario techniques. She has been responsible for various participatory approach and instruments in planning and design processes: The territorial project of the district of Nyon, in addition to a spatial proposition produced with stakeholders, was an opportunity to develop an empirical interdisciplinary research (architecture and urban planning, demography, sociology, economics , transport and mobility, landscape and natural environment) during three years. (Ruzicka-Rossier, 2003, 2005). The project of the public space of the Grand Place in Clarens-Montreux (2010) allowed her to search on the combination of a participatory process and planning by design (http:// www.clarensemble.ch/, the “permis de construire” issued in 2012). The Cahier des possible for the master plan of La Chaux-de-Fonds was an opportunity to develop a method of co-production among students in architecture, students in engineering and local actors.
Riccardo Scarinci, Postdoc, EPFL
Riccardo Scarinci received the MSc degree (2008) in environmental engineering from the Politecnico di Milano, Italy, and PhD in transport studies from UCL (2014). Currently he is a post-doctoral researcher at EPFL, Lausanne, working on simulation and modelling of transport systems.
Matthew Skjonsberg, Phd student, EPFL
Matthew Skjonsberg, architect and urban designer, is a PhD researcher. He studied at Taliesin, the Frank Lloyd Wright School of Architecture, and at ETH-Zurich, and founded collab architecture in 2001. From 2007-2012 he was a project leader at West 8 urban design and landscape architecture in New York and Rotterdam, working closely on projects including Governors Island (New York 2007-), Commonwealth Institute (London 2008-14), New World Symphony Park (Miami Beach 2009-11), and Yongsan National Park (Seoul 2012-), while remaining active in academic initiatives and teaching at several institutions in Europe and North America. He has recently lectured at the Berlage Institute, Harvard Graduate School of Design, NYC Center for Architecture, and Taliesin West.
Patrick Poncet, postdoc, EPFL
Géographe de formation, designer et créateur de l’intelligence spatiale, il est l’auteur d’une thèse intitulée L’Australie du tourisme ou la société de conservation (2002), à propos des configurations et des processus géographiques de la conservation patrimoniale et d’un mémoire de maîtrise sur Le tourisme et la violence à Rio de Janeiro (1996). Coauteur de L’invention du Monde (Presses de Sciences Po, 2008), il a également publié avec Jacques Lévy et Emmanuelle Tricoire La carte, enjeu contemporain (La Documentation Photographique 2004) et compte parmi les auteurs du Dictionnaire de la géographie et de l’espace des sociétés (Belin 2003). Maître de conférence des « Enjeux politiques de la géographie » à Sciences Po Paris de 2005 à 2010, il a enseigné précédemment la géographie aux universités de Lille 1 et de Rennes 2, et de 2011 à 2013 à l’Institut de Recherche et d’Études Supérieures du Tourisme (IREST) de l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. Responsable de la rubrique “Carte du mois” au sein de la rédaction d’EspacesTemps.net de mars 2003 à mai 2005, il fait actuellement partie du Comité de rédaction de la revue. Responsable de l’information et de la cartographie au sein de la Mission de Préfiguration de l’Opération d’Intérêt National de Massy, Palaiseau, Saclay, Versailles, Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines de janvier 2007 à juin 2008, il crée fin 2008 une agence de communication spatiale : MapsDesigners (mapsdesigners.com). En 2009, pour mieux valoriser les acquis et les productions scientifiques des sciences de l’espace des sociétés, il fonde WhereSciences (wheresciences.com), Knowledge Consortium for Spatial Intelligence / Consortium pour le développement et la promotion de l’intelligence spatiale, et QualCity (qualcity.com), une agence de conseil en inteligence spatiale. Il participe à la démarche de prospective de la Datar Territoires 2040 comme expert dans le groupe “Le réseau des métropoles françaises dans l’économie-monde” présidé par Michel Lussault.
Mirza Tursić, PhD student, EPFL
Mirza Tursić is an architect and urban researcher. He recently obtained a PhD at École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) with the thesis “Aesthetic Space: The visible and the invisible in urban agency”.
Simon Berger, Research assistant, EPFL
Basil Schmid, ETHZ
Luca Pattaroni, External collaborator, EPFL
Suite à une formation en Relations Internationales (Institut des Hautes Etudes Internationales, Genève) et un DEA en sciences sociales (Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris/Ulm), Luca Pattaroni a soutenu une thèse de sociologie en cotutelle (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris/ Université de Genève) sous la direction de Laurent Thévenot (EHESS) et Jean Kellerhals (Université de Genève).
Après avoir occupé durant 5 ans un poste dassistant à la Faculté de Droit (Université de Genève), il a été visiting scholar à lUniversité de Columbia (New York). Il travaille désormais au Laboratoire de Sociologie Urbaine (EPFL) et est associé au Groupe de Sociologie Politique et Morale de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (GSPM/EHESS). En 2011, il a été Professeur invité à l’Université Fédérale de Fluminense (Brésil).
Ses recherches et publications portent sur les politiques urbaines et culturelles, l’habitat, les mouvements sociaux, l’évolution des modes de vie ainsi que, plus largement les enjeux du commun dans les villes contemporaines.
Spécialiste des méthodes mixtes ainsi que de théorie sociologique et politique, il cherche à articuler une analyse fine du pluralisme des modes de vie et un questionnement sur les enjeux politiques et moraux de la composition dun monde commun.